With over one billion people living in forty-nine countries, sub-Saharan Africa is one of the world’s most diverse regions.
What kind of people live in Sub-Saharan Africa?
Some of them are the Zulu, Shona, Sukuma, Kikuyu, Kongo, Mongo, Luba, and the Swahili. Other groups are the Amhara, the largest ethnic group in Ethiopia, the Hausa, a traditionally nomadic tribe that converted to Islam and lives in Niger, Nigeria and other countries of West Africa.
Is Sub-Saharan Africa populated?
Sub-Saharan Africa includes all countries south of the Sahara desert. In 2019, the total population of Sub-Saharan Africa amounted to approximately 1.1 billion inhabitants.
Sub-Saharan Africa: Total population from 2009 to 2019 (in million inhabitants)
|Characteristic||Inhabitants in millions|
How is life in Sub-Saharan Africa?
In 2017, life expectancy at birth in sub-Saharan Africa was 63.9 years, but healthy life expectancy was only 55.2 years. This means that 13.6% of years of life in the region is spent in poor health. Life expectancy in 2017 varied by sub region, ranging from 62.4 years in Central Africa to 65 years in Southern Africa.
Why is Africa urbanizing so quickly?
Notably, the OECD report argues that since 1990, Africa’s rapid growth in urbanization has been driven primarily by high population growth and the reclassification of rural settlements.
Is Sub-Saharan Africa poor?
Half of the countries in Sub-Saharan Africa have poverty rates higher than 35%. These numbers become even more alarming when compared with the levels of extreme poverty in other regions. Of the top 20 economies with poverty rate estimates in PovcalNet, 18 are in Sub-Saharan Africa.
What is Sub-Saharan Africa known for?
Sub-Saharan Africa has been the site of many empires and kingdoms, including Nubia, Axum, Wagadugu (Ghana), Mali, Nok, Songhai, Kanem-Bornu, Benin and Great Zimbabwe.
What is unique about Sub-Saharan Africa?
In addition to an array of landforms from rift valleys to mountains to deserts, Sub-Saharan Africa contains a wide variety of climate zones and precipitation patterns. In general, the continent is relatively hot with temperate climates in the higher elevations.
What is the average lifespan of an African?
Lybia, Morocco, Tunisia, and Mauritius followed, with a life expectancy of 76 years. On the other hand, Central African Republic registered the lowest average, at 53 years.
Life expectancy at birth in Africa as of 2019, by country (in years)
|Characteristic||Life expectancy in years|
|Sao Tome and Principe||68|
Why is life expectancy low in Sub-Saharan Africa?
The major causes of under-5 mortality are malaria, respiratory infections, diarrhea, perinatal conditions, measles, and HIV/AIDS. Between ages 5 and 60, the major causes of death (relative to higher-income countries) are HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and maternal mortality (i.e., deaths in childbirth).