Annual rainfall throughout East Africa has largely decreased since 1960, while variability has increased. The region has been subject to more frequent and intense rainfall events, floods and droughts in recent decades. Indian Ocean surface temperatures have increased by 1°C since 1950.
Why do the climates vary so much in East Africa?
In fact, the climate of Africa is more variable by rainfall amount than by temperatures, which are consistently high. … The already hot and dry climate that straddles the equator, makes it the most vulnerable continent to climate change.
How does climate vary in Africa?
Africa’s climate is dominated by desert conditions along vast stretches of its northern and southern fringes. The central portion of the continent is wetter, with tropical rainforests, grasslands, and semi-arid climates.
How is climate change affecting the East African mountain ranges?
Climate change impacts on mountain biodiversity and ecosystem services. Climate change constitutes a potential threat to montane biodiversity (Taylor et al 2015). … Another effect of climate change will be the reduced availability of ecosystem services to both mountain and lowland communities in Africa.
Which is the best climate zone in Africa for farming?
The climate of the African rainforest is drier and very suitable for successful agriculture. Tropical rainforests build ecological systems adapted to warm and humid climates.
Which is an example of a way the economy of East Africa is changing?
Identify a way the economy of East Africa is changing. Rising foreign investment from China, resulting in improved infrastructure and increased trade. … Explorers, colonists, and traders had easy access due to East Africa’s long Red Sea and Indian Ocean coastlines.
Why is Africa most affected by climate change?
Climate change will increasingly impact Africa due to many factors. These impacts are already being felt and will increase in magnitude if action is not taken to reduce global carbon emissions. The impacts include higher temperatures, drought, changing rainfall patterns, and increased climate variability.
Why is there no winter in Africa?
The equator divides Africa in half from north to south. Being on the equator keeps Africa from experiencing winter like North America has.
What is East Africa famous for?
Politically, the region is famous for its hospitality to refugees and other politically dispossessed peoples. It was known for its involvement in the fight against apartheid in South Africa and for providing refugee facilities for freedom fighters from Zimbabwe, South Africa, Mozambique, and Angola.
Which choice best describes East Africa’s climate?
Answer Expert Verified. The climate that best describes East Africa’s climate is (A) consistently equatorial.