There are 63 transboundary river basins in Africa, covering 64 per cent of the continent’s land area (UNEP 2010). The Zambezi basin is the fourth largest in Africa after the Congo, Nile and Niger River Basins (Mukosa and Mwiinga 2008).
What are three basins in Africa?
This map shows the locations of 13 major river basins in Africa: the Senegal, Volta, Niger, Lake Chad, Nile, Lake Turkana, Juba Shibeli, Ogooue, Congo, Zambezi, Okavango, Limpopo and Orange river basins.
Does Africa have basins?
The major drainage basins of Africa are those of the Nile, the Niger, the Congo, the Zambezi, and the Orange rivers and of Lake Chad.
Which is the main basin in Africa?
Congo basin, basin of the Congo River, lying astride the Equator in west-central Africa. It is the world’s second largest river basin (next to that of the Amazon), comprising an area of more than 1.3 million square miles (3.4 million square km).
How are the two river basins in Africa different?
In geographical terms, the two sets of river basins in the two regions differ mainly how the rivers are formed. The Limpopo and Orange rivers are in many cases forming borders between the riparian states sharing them. The entire border (225 km) between South Africa and Zimbabwe is formed by the Limpopo.
Why is Africa called the Dark continent?
Africa was known as the “Dark Continent” because it remained unexplored for a fairly long period of time. Factors that made is difficult for the explorer to venture in to the continent of africa were: The largest desert in the world, the Sahara Desert acted as a natural barrier for the European explorers.
What is the largest plateau in Africa?
Another significant plateau region is the Ethiopian Highlands. This is Africa’s largest continuous plateau.
Why is Africa so flat?
One hypothesis is that a collision between Africa and another oceanic plate occurred around 250 million years ago. The collision upheaved these layers. The apparent flat appearance of the top of the mountain probably reflects the original sedimentary layers.
Where is the lowest land in Africa?
Lake Assal is a saline lake which lies 155 m below sea level in the Afar Triangle, making it the lowest point on land in Africa and the third-lowest point on Earth after the Sea of Galilee and the Dead Sea.
Which country in Africa is the farthest south?
A quick guide to South Africa, the Southernmost country of Africa
- Cape Point nature reserve is a one hour drive from Cape Town, on the southeast corner of the Cape Peninsula. …
- The Cape Peninsula near Cape Town is sometimes called the Cape of Storms.
- Panorama of Johannesburg, City of Gold, at dusk.
What are the two main religions in Africa?
The majority of Africans are adherents of Christianity or Islam. African people often combine the practice of their traditional belief with the practice of Abrahamic religions.