The western edge of the African Plate is a divergent boundary with the North American Plate to the north and the South American Plate to the south which forms the central and southern part of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge.
Is the type of boundary between Australian plate and African Plate?
Orogenic belts. The most dramatic orogenic belt on the planet is the one between the Indo-Australian Plate and African Plate on one side (to the South) and the Eurasian Plate on the other side (to the North).
What are the 3 boundaries of plate tectonics?
The movement of the plates creates three types of tectonic boundaries: convergent, where plates move into one another; divergent, where plates move apart; and transform, where plates move sideways in relation to each other. They move at a rate of one to two inches (three to five centimeters) per year.
What is causing the Australian plate to move?
Australia’s movement is caused by the shifting tectonic plates that make up the earth’s surface. The North American plate, by contrast, travels roughly one inch per year. … GPS coordinates are calculated based on models of the earth. And so as Australia moves, our GPS gets increasingly inaccurate.
What are 4 plates that underlie the Pacific ocean?
However, the Pacific Plate, Cocos Plate, Nazca Plate, and Antarctic Plate move more than 10 centimeters which is the fastest movement rate of all plate tectonics.
What are the 3 causes of plate movement?
In this lesson, we explore the causes of plate movement, including thermal convection, ridge push and slab pull.
What are the 4 plate boundary types?
Divergent boundaries — where new crust is generated as the plates pull away from each other. Convergent boundaries — where crust is destroyed as one plate dives under another. Transform boundaries — where crust is neither produced nor destroyed as the plates slide horizontally past each other.
What are 5 landforms caused by plate movement?
They include mountains, plateaus, and rift valleys. Whereas erosion shapes landforms, their origins lie in tectonic processes that build the major structures of the Earth.