Exclusion or perceived exclusion from the political process for reasons of personal, ethnic or value differences, lack of socio-political unity, lack of genuine access to national institutions of governance, reliance on centralized and highly personalized form of governance, perception of inequality and discrimination, …
What are the major causes of conflicts in Africa?
Causes of Conflicts in Africa
Conflicts in Africa may be said to have been caused by a multiplicity of factors such as: arbitrary borders created by the colonial powers, heterogeneous ethnic composition of African states, inept political leadership, corruption, negative effect of external debt burden and poverty.
What are the conflicts in Africa?
A few cases of liberation conflicts in Africa include the Eritrean War of independence; the South Sudan war; the Namibian War of independence; and the Cassamance conflict in Senegal. These conflicts are similar to the Quebec Sovereignty Question in Canada and the Chechnya conflict in Russia.
What are the causes of political violence?
Following are some of the causes of political violence. 1) General causes 2) The Concept of National Self-Determination 3) Ideology 4) Religious and ethnic conflicts 5) Political conflicts between different groups of elites 6) Economic conditions and the concept of relative deprivation.
What are the 4 causes of conflict?
The four causes of conflict are: differing aims and methods, competing or disparage goals, differences in philosophies and personality conflicts.
What are the negative impact of conflict in Africa?
The poor were the most vulnerable to economic shocks and natural disasters, conflicts and scourges such as HIV/AIDS. The Congo had been affected by recurring conflicts that had undermined development efforts. Those repeated crises had affected living conditions and created levels of mass unemployment.
What is the number 1 cause of death in Africa?
Top causes of death in Africa in 2019
Neonatal conditions were the leading cause of death in Africa in 2019. Neonatal conditions accounted for 11.3 percent of all deaths in Africa that year, followed by lower respiratory infections which were responsible for 9.9 percent of deaths.
How many countries are in conflict in Africa?
In 2019, nine countries in Africa (Cameroon, Niger, Chad, Nigeria, Libya, Burkina Faso, Mali, Somalia, and Mozambique) experienced conflicts with IS within their territories.
What are the major issues that have led to ethnic and religious conflict in Africa?
Religious and ethnic nationalism has led to conflicts about control of state power, unequal allocation of resources, citizenship issues, state collapse, economic decline and ethno-religious clashes.
What are the main causes of political violence in today’s world?
Many of these causes, such as weak institutions, gender inequality, governance failure or state corruption, are intensely political, have national and international implications, are interlinked, and demand a holistic approach to understanding and action.
What exactly is political violence?
Political violence is the deliberate use of power and force to achieve political goals (World Health Organization (WHO), 2002). As outlined by the World Health Organization (2002), political violence is characterized by both physical and psychological acts aimed at injuring or intimidating populations.
What are the forms of political violence?
Political violence broadly defined, including guerrilla warfare, insurgency, terrorism, rebellion, revolution, rioting and civil war, can be distinguished in several ways, by the nature of the objectives; by the targets of attacks; by the organizational structure of groups and by the repertoire of actions.