Iron smelting and forging technologies may have existed in West Africa among the Nok culture of Nigeria as early as the sixth century B.C. In the period from 1400 to 1600, iron technology appears to have been one of a series of fundamental social assets that facilitated the growth of significant centralized kingdoms in …
Who introduced iron metallurgy in Africa?
Iron smelting in Egypt was not known before the eighth century BC. There is no material evidence for early ironworking in North Africa, but it is presumed to have been introduced by Phoenician settlers in or after the ninth century BC (107).
Are we still in the Iron Age?
There are very few references to iron (σιδηρος) in Homer: this is the Bronze Age after all, or rather a tale of the Bronze Age. … Our current archaeological three-age system – Stone Age, Bronze Age, Iron Age – ends in the same place, and suggests that we haven’t yet left the iron age.
Did Africans invent iron?
Archaeological evidence for the origins and spread of iron production in Africa. … By the late 1960s some surprisingly early radiocarbon dates had been obtained for iron smelting sites in both Nigeria and central Africa (Rwanda, Burundi), reviving the view that iron-making was independently invented in sub-Saharan Africa …
Does Africa have iron?
Iron ore production in Africa is dominated by South Africa, Mauritania and Algeria. Many countries possess iron ore deposits that are as yet untapped/unmined.
Did Africa have a Bronze Age?
Unlike Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa lacks a Bronze Age, a period in which softer metals, such as copper, were made into artifacts. In Sub-Saharan Africa there is a Stone Age and an Iron Age.
Did metallurgy start in Africa?
In North Africa, metallurgy was introduced by Phoenicians around 800 bce. However, West, central, and East Africa present a picture that contrasts with that of Egypt and North Africa. Here, the limited data available suggest that metallurgy might have begun with copper and iron around or before 800 bce.
What are the 2 main deserts in Africa?
Two largest deserts of Africa are Sahara desert which is also the largest desert of the world and the Namib and also The Kalhari…