They have a prominent economic impact in sub-Saharan Africa as the biological vectors of trypanosomes, which cause human sleeping sickness and animal trypanosomiasis. Tsetse are multivoltine and long-lived, typically producing about four broods per year, and up to 31 broods over their lifespans.
How did the tsetse fly affect Africa?
Tsetse flies, through the cyclical transmission of trypanosomiasis to both humans and their animals, greatly influence food production, natural-resource utilization and the pattern of human settlement throughout much of sub-Saharan Africa.
Does Africa have a lot of flies?
That, in itself, isn’t terribly big news — there are likely thousands of undescribed species of chloropid flies, and the African species are particularly poorly known. … Prior to our study, there were only two species of this genus known in Africa.
Can a fly kill you?
However, injury from black fly bites can threaten the lives of livestock and even people when present in very large numbers, typically in late spring and early summer. Deaths have been reported from allergic reactions and blood loss from the bites, and even from inhaling the flies.
How do you control a tsetse fly?
Prevention & Control
- Wear long-sleeved shirts and pants of medium-weight material in neutral colors that blend with the background environment. Tsetse flies are attracted to bright or dark colors, and they can bite through lightweight clothing.
- Inspect vehicles before entering. …
- Avoid bushes. …
- Use insect repellent.
How do you kill tsetse flies?
The tsetse flies then eventually disappeared because of food shortage. These methods have largely been abandoned and today insecticide spraying is used along with traps and insecticide-impregnated targets. Traps and screens are an effective means of tsetse control.
Do tsetse fly bites hurt?
A bite by the tsetse fly is often painful and can develop into a red sore, also called a chancre. Fever, severe headaches, irritability, extreme fatigue, swollen lymph nodes, and aching muscles and joints are common symptoms of sleeping sickness.